Free tissue transfer is defined as the vascular detachment of an isolated and specific region of the body (eg, skin, fat, muscle, bone) followed by transfer of that tissue to another region of the body with reattachment of the divided artery and vein to separate artery and vein. This ability to transplant living tissue from one region of the body to another has greatly facilitated the reconstruction of complex defects.
Free tissue transfer has become commonplace in many centers around the world. The numerous advantages include stable wound coverage, improved aesthetic and functional outcomes, and minimal donor site morbidity. Since the introduction of free tissue transfer in the 1960s, the success rate has improved substantially and is currently 95-99% among experienced surgeons. This article provides a framework to facilitate the planning, execution, and monitoring of free flaps.
If you are really interested in this topic you may want to read an article called Optimal Use of Microvascular Free Flaps, Cartilage Grafts, and a Paramedian Forehead Flap for Aesthetic Reconstruction of the Nose and Adjacent Facial Units that can be seen o this link:
Women with reconstructive breast surgery may consider this kind of operation.
If you want to see more descriptive images you can visit this blog:
http://flapplasticsurgery.blogspot.com/ Images are for adults only and be careful if you do not like to see blood.
Flap Surgery: Autologous Tissue, Microvascular Free Flaps & Extremity Surgery
The Flap Surgery blog is an online educational tool for patients, medical students, nurses, physician assistants, general surgery residents, plastic & reconstructive surgery residents and physicians from other medical specialties who wish to become familiar with some of the more common anatomical flaps used in plastic & reconstructive surgery.